A notable exception — and the subject of this In Brief — is the Justice Delivered Locally (JDL) project in Solomon Islands. This was a collaborative effort between the Solomon Islands Ministry of Justice and Legal Affairs, the World Bank's Justice for the Poor initiative and AusAID. Qualitative research was undertaken in 2010–11 in five of the country's nine provinces by local and international researchers. Some 86 rural communities were visited and more than 3000 individuals participated in focus group discussions. The JDL research documents the types of disputation and sources of grievance affecting rural communities, the various approaches adopted to manage conflict and interactions between them (Allen et al. 2013). It also highlights considerable experimentation and innovation in community governance that has occurred against the background of 'government withdrawal' over recent decades and that was accentuated during the recent 'ethnic tension'. Despite the significant assistance provided by the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) (2003–13), justice and security provision remains frail in many rural localities, while conflict stresses continue to grow.
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