In recent years, world politics has become increasingly preoccupied with issues relating to culture and identity, including concern with the nature and role of the West. Although the West is a concept widely used in International Relations, we rarely reflect on what we mean by the term, and of how conceptions of the West vary widely across time and context. This book examines contending images of the West and its relations with other civilizational identities. In the process, the author develops a conceptual framework for addressing issues involving the relationship between civilizational and political identity. She explores how the West is represented in the work of a diverse range of twentieth-century scholars of world order. The examination of these important thinkers in tandem presents a rich and diverse range of perspectives both of the West, and on the cultural world order, which suggests a variety of possibilities for cultural and political interaction.