Md Rafiqul Islam and Anurug Chakma, ‘Major Obstacles to the Process of Implementing Peace: Experience from Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh’, Peace and Conflict Review, 7(2) 2013: 29-46.
The Government of Bangladesh (GoB) failed to recognize the separate identity and special rights of indigenous peoples in the constitution of 1972, creating unrest and grievance that eventually turned into a prolonged insurgency lasting from 1976 to 1997, with the signing of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Accord. Although the Accord has been successful in stopping armed conflict, it has failed to reduce communal riots, structural violence, human rights violations, mistrust, misunderstanding and tensions between local indigenous peoples and Bengali settlers. This paper is an attempt to study the causes of continued tensions in the post-Accord period as well as the uncertain future of the process of implementing peace through a systematic analysis of the society, ranging from civil society and bureaucracy to military and political parties, to identify and understand the major challenges for implementing peace.
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