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IR Working Paper 1991/1
Stuart Harris, ‘International Trade, Ecologically Sustainable Development and the GATT’, IR Working Paper 1991/1, Canberra: Department of International Relations, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, May 1991.
This paper examines the links between international trade and the environment, and in particular the links with ecologically sustainable development. It notes that it is possible for a country to achieve ecological sustainability at the expense of other countries and that some have claimed that liberal trade limits conservation efforts. On the other hand, protectionism can similarly have adverse effects on conservation. Restrictions on trade distort the international economic system but so does environmental degradation.