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IR Working Paper 1990/10
Stuart Harris, ‘The Influence of the United Nations on the Antarctic System: A Source of Erosion or Cohesion?’, IR Working Paper 1990/10, Canberra: Department of International Relations, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, October 1990.
This paper looks at one aspect of the converging pressures on the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS). The pressures come from outside, especially from the United Nations (UN), but also from the international environment movement; pressures have also emerged from inside the ATS as a result of divergences of views about the way to handle the question of resources and the Antarctic environment. After a review of the history of the relationship of the ATS and the UN, it tries to establish a basis on which to judge whether the effect of the UN has been to promote not just the coherence of the ATS but also progress towards generally accepted international objectives for the Antarctic continent.