Justice and security

Justice and security

Building legal and security institutions capable of operating effectively remains a challenge across the Pacific. In a region characterised by regulatory pluralism, the state is not always the primary provider of justice and security. In Melanesia, state law coexists with local social orders whose authority draws on kastom (custom) and the church, while private providers are rapidly transforming security governance in the region. The interaction between different actors and institutional forms involved in ‘justice’ and ‘security’ provision is a core theme of our research.

IB 2019/06 Perceptions of Peacebuilding in Solomon Islands Post-RAMSI

This In Brief is based on the National Perceptions Survey on Peacebuilding for Solomon Islands commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme under a United Nations Peacebuilding Fund project implemented by...

Policy Brief 2018/01 RAMSI: Lessons, Impacts and Recommendations

This Policy Brief is in two parts. First, it summarises findings on five key questions that underpinned the research into the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), drawing directly on our interviews...

IB 2018/18 Community Law-Making and the Codification of Customary Laws — New Currents

The July 2018 Codification and Creation of Community & Customary Laws in the South Pacific and Beyond conference at The Australian National University focused on the proliferation of unofficial community law-...

In Brief

IB 2018/17 Early Modern Witchcraft Trials: Are There Lessons for Sorcery Accusation-Related Violence Today?

In this In Brief, the author talks about the relevance of witchcraft trials in early modern Europe to the contemporary sorcery accusation-related violence in Papua New Guinea (PNG).

DP2018/02 Timor-Leste and the Empowerment of Women: Access to Justice and the Future for Domestic, Family and Sexual Violence Survivors

Women in Timor-Leste have long experienced discrimination in health, education, employment and access to justice (UN General Assembly 2008). The prevalence and severity of gender-based violence (GBV) is considered to...

DPA In Brief Series

IB 2018/09 Markets Matter: ANU–UN Women Project on Honiara’s Informal Markets in Solomon Islands

In Honiara, many households rely on income from selling produce in informal (community-based) urban markets, yet little is known about these markets and their economic opportunities. What we do know about Honiara’s...

The RAMSI Legacy for Policing in the Pacific Region

For the past 14 years, approximately one-fifth of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) Participating Police Force (PPF) has comprised police from 13 Pacific Island countries, referred to as the...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/34 Sustaining Peace in Solomon Islands through a New Constitution? Part 2: The Draft Constitution and Recent Discussions

This In Brief is the second in a series on the process of developing a new constitution in the Solomon Islands. It looks at recent dialogues and resolutions, and shows how some historical grievances are addressed in...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/33 Sustaining Peace in Solomon Islands through a New Constitution? Part 1: Historical Contestations

This In Brief is the first in a two-part series that discusses a critical aspect of the Solomon Islands (SI) internal peace process through the development of a new constitution. It provides a brief history of the...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/31 Sorcery Accusation–Related Violence in Papua New Guinea Part 4: Trends over Time and Geographic Spread

This is the last In Brief in a four-part series that summarises key findings from an analysis of reports of sorcery accusation– related violence (SARV) in national newspaper articles and court cases over a 20-year...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/30 Sorcery Accusation–Related Violence in Papua New Guinea Part 3: State and Non-State Responses

This is the third In Brief of a four-part series on the findings from a quantitative analysis of media and case law relating to sorcery accusation–related violence (SARV) in Papua New Guinea during a 20-year period (...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/29 Sorcery Accusation–Related Violence in Papua New Guinea Part 2: Key Characteristics of Incidents, Victims and Perpetrators

It is extremely difficult to gauge the nature and extent of sorcery accusation–related violence (SARV) at a national level in any country. In part this is due to under-reporting and because official health and...

DPA In Brief

IB2017/28 Sorcery Accusation–Related Violence in Papua New Guinea Part 1: Questions and Methodology

This In Brief sets out the main research questions and summarises the methodology of a major study into sorcery accusation–related violence (SARV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The study began in November 2016 and will...

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/20 The RAMSI Legacy for Pacific Policing

Drawing on more than 100 interviews, this In Brief summarises preliminary findings from a research project supported by the Australian Federal Police (AFP) that has been examining the experience and impact of RAMSI’s...

SSGM Discussion Paper

DP2017/5 New Pathways Across Old Terrain? SSGM Research on Resources, Conflict and Justice

Melanesia is characterised by complex interactions among land and natural resource uses, legal and political institutions, and interest groups. These interactions play out at the national level, where institutions...

SSGM In Brief

IB2016/29 What’s in the News? Urban Issues in Solomon Star Online Reporting, 2014–2016

One of the greatest challenges and opportunities facing the South Pacific is rapid urbanisation, and Solomon Islands faces some of the most pressing urban growth stresses in the region. Its urban population is...

IB2016/24 Politics, Organised Crime and Corruption in the Pacific

The notion of ‘organised crime’ typically conjures up images of criminal gangs. Some mafia and bikie gangs do operate in parts of the Pacific and have featured in local and international media. However, we argue that...

SSGM In Brief

IB2016/21 New Developments in Papua New Guinea’s Research and Development Regulatory Framework

This In Brief updates In Brief 2015/24 that first reported on the emergence of a new regulatory framework around research and development in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It outlines developments in this area over the past...

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