Urbanisation, land and natural resource management

Urbanisation, land and natural resource management

By global standards, Melanesia has some of the fastest-growing cities. Pressures on land, resources and services are mounting. Well-managed urban development can be a driver of national development, but if neglected it can cause instability and inequality. Regionally specific understanding of changing demographics, rising pressures on scarce resources, and issues of food, water and energy security is critical for Pacific Island national security and resilience. Conflicts in the Pacific have nearly all been linked to land and resource access. Because of their high reliance on resources for subsistence and economic development, applied research in this area is critical to the future prosperity of the Pacific Islands.

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/2 Measuring Regional Progress for a Blue Economy

Why are Pacific economies smaller than those of other nations? The standard answer to this question highlights the unique vulnerabilities and dependencies of the region, such as size, distance from markets, and...

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/5 Solomon Islands’ Urban Land Tenure: Growing Complexity

This In Brief discusses contemporary land complexities in Solomon Islands with reference to land dealings around the capital city of Honiara. It provides a brief history of land in Honiara before discussing urban...

SSGM Discussion Paper

DP2017/2 The Creation of Two New Provinces in Papua New Guinea — A Story of False Starts and Near Fatal Collisions

Sir Manasupe Zurenuoc OBE Kt made an enor­mous contribution to Papua New Guinea. During his career in public service he touched many lives and will be fondly remembered. Sir Manasupe was deeply committed to the...

SSGM Discussion Paper

DP2017/4 Artisanal and Small Scale Mining in Bougainville: Risk, Reward and Regulation

This paper provides a high-level but comprehensive review of the status, as of mid-2016, of the artisanal and small-scale (ASM, or sometimes AASM) industry in post-conflict Bougainville, drawing on extensive...

SSGM Discussion Paper

DP2017/5 New Pathways Across Old Terrain? SSGM Research on Resources, Conflict and Justice

Melanesia is characterised by complex interactions among land and natural resource uses, legal and political institutions, and interest groups. These interactions play out at the national level, where institutions...

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/9 Deep Sea Minerals in the Pacific

In 2016 c. 24 million tonnes of copper was produced. This is the tip of an exponential growth trend from 1900 when only 0.5 million tonnes was produced and is a proxy for global population and consumer trends (CDA...

Kastom, property and ideology

Kastom, Property and Ideology: Land Transformations in Melanesia

The relationship between customary land tenure and ‘modern’ forms of landed property has been a major political issue in the ‘Spearhead’ states of Melanesia since the late colonial period, and is even more pressing...

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/ 16 The UN Ocean Conference Regional Preparatory Meeting and Its Implications for Pacific Islands Countries: Some Observations

The United Nations (UN) Ocean Conference will be co-hosted by Fiji and Sweden in New York this June. This In Brief aims to critically assess regional preparations for the conference to date. I provide personal...

Urban Development in Honiara cover

Urban Development in Honiara: Harnessing Opportunities, Embracing Change

Honiara and its surrounding urban areas have the highest levels of population growth in the South Pacific, and the population could treble by 2050. Such rapid growth presents huge challenges, but also great...

SSGM In Brief

IB2017/19 Food Security in the Torricelli Foothills of Papua New Guinea: Can Sago Continue to Sustain the Increasing Population?

Since around 1980, the population of Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been growing at an average rate of 2.7% per annum — doubling about every 25 years. People in rural areas grow 85% of the food they consume, growing it...

The Development Bulletin - Urban development in the Pacific

Pacific Island countries are experiencing dramatic social, political and demographic change as urban populations increase and the flow of people moving from rural villages to the towns has become a flood. This issue...

DPA In Brief

IB2018/02 Opportunity Knocks? ANU–PIFS Workshop on Regional Dimensions of Urbanisation

This In Brief summarises some of the issues discussed at that workshop by leading experts and elaborates on urban issues covered in the State of the Pacific Regional Report 2017.

DPA In Brief Series

IB2018/05 Food Security and Sustainable Seed Supply in Timor-Leste: Formal and Informal Seed Systems (Part 1)

This In Brief is the first in a two-part series on seed systems in Timor-Leste and research carried out for the Seeds of Life program. It describes the context of seed supply in Timor-Leste. The second part will...

DPA In Brief Series

IB2018/06 Food Security and Sustainable Seed Supply in Timor-Leste: Progress of the National Seed System (Part 2)

This is the second in a two-part series about seed supply systems in Timor-Leste. Part 1 (Lopes 2018) dealt with the formal and informal systems, their strengths and weaknesses, and recommended that both could work...

DPA In Brief Series

IB 2018/09 Markets Matter: ANU–UN Women Project on Honiara’s Informal Markets in Solomon Islands

In Honiara, many households rely on income from selling produce in informal (community-based) urban markets, yet little is known about these markets and their economic opportunities. What we do know about Honiara’s...

IB 2018/10 Markets Matter: Enhancing Livelihoods and Localities

Urban informal (community-based) markets are often neglected by public policy — although prevalent, they are not legally recognised, regulated or financed. Yet, these markets are places of resilience and development...

DPA in Brief

IB 2018/11 China’s Growing Interest in Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific

China’s growing engagement with the Pacific region has attracted policy and academic attention in the past decade. Its involvement in deep sea mining in the region is an exception and remains poorly understood....

DPA in Brief

IB 2018/14 Diabetes Control in the Federated States of Micronesia

Many Pacific island countries (PICs) report extraordinarily high rates of diabetes mellitus (Tukuitonga 2016). This disease contributes significantly to the dizzying regional and global increases in non-communicable...

DPA in Brief

IB 2018/12 Markets Matter: Market Vendor Views on Security and Social Inclusion in Honiara, Solomon Islands

This In Brief examines governance and security issues in three of Honiara’s community markets at Henderson, Fishing Village and White River. They are located on roadsides and unregulated by authorities, in contrast...

DPA in Brief

IB 2018/13 Disaster Risk Reduction in Papua New Guinea

At 3:45 am on 26 February 2018, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake occurred in Papua New Guinea with an epicentre 30 kilometres south-west of Tari. Over 140 people are known to have died and roads, airfields, schools and...

Discussion Paper

DP 2018/07 Coffee in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea: The Early Years

This paper demonstrates the international trend from the 19th century for smallholders to become predominant in the production of many agricultural commodities central to the global expansion of capitalism....

In Brief

IB 2019/01 Youth-Inclusive Development: Challenges and Potential in Solomon Islands

Political discourse and parliament in Solomon Islands are dominated by older men, making it easy to forget that this cohort of influential people are, in fact, the minority of the population. With seven in 10 Solomon...

DP 2019/02 Modernising Tradition: Elections, Parties and Land in Fiji

Is the FijiFirst government the epitome of modernity and SODELPA banking on returning to the past? In discussing land policy, indigenous rights, accumulation and need, Scott MacWilliam’s analysis shows how things are...

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