East Asia and Sub-Regional Diversity: Initiatives, Institutions and Identity
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Published in Lorraine Elliott and Shaun Breslin, eds, Comparative Environmental Regionalism, New York: Routledge, 2011, pp. 56-75.
Informed by Peter Katzenstein’s argument that regionalism in East Asia is ‘given’ by geography but ‘made’ through politics, this chapter focuses primarily on regional environmental arrangements that reflect multilateral efforts pursued by countries as part of a region-building process. Yet, the evolution of environmental regionalism in East Asia has not been an entirely indigenous process. Trans-regional institutions have played an important role in providing financial support and expertise to specific programs, initiatives and agencies. The impetus for governments to respond regionally to environmental challenges has also been generated by a growing regional activism and agency on the part of domestic NGOs and transnational civil society groups, some endogenous to the region and others represented by local offices of global organisations.
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