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Ajin Choi and William T. Tow, ‘Bridging Alliances and Asia-Pacific Multilateralism’, in William T. Tow and Brendan Taylor, eds, Bilateralism, Multilateralism and Asia-Pacific Security: Contending Cooperation, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013, pp. 21-38.
The viability of ongoing and burgeoning Asian multilateral security regimes could be linked to the development of three ‘pillars’: democratization; greater economic prosperity and intensifying interdependence; and a viable institutional involvement by the United States. This chapter considers the recent evolution of multilateral security politics in the Asia-Pacific security environment. It then examines the various typologies and constraints that underscore multilateral security initiatives, and examines the concept of ‘inclusive but qualified’ membership as the basis for pursuing multilateral security in the region. After a short review of the South Korean case, the chapter concludes that an ‘inclusive but qualified’ membership in an Asia-Pacific specific multilateral security institution, based on the extent to which the above pillars are present, may well serve as an effective and legitimate institutional design for future multilateral institution building in the region.
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