PhD Thesis Proposal Seminar: explaining emerging powers through the concept of emerging pivot states - comparative foreign policies of Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey

Event details


Date & time

Wednesday 23 October 2013


APCD Boardroom, Level 2, Hedley Bull Building #130, cnr Garran Road and Liversidge Street, ANU
ANU Canberra


Awidya Santikajaya


Kerrie Hogan
+61 2 6125 2167

My research aims to aim to develop a theory that seeks to account for a better explanation of emerging powers. Despite growing attention to developing countries in the categories of emerging€ or rising, there is a dearth of theoretical frameworks. Furthermore, studies of emerging powers often overrate the importance of material powers of emerging nations and underrate substantial and multidimensional aspects that are less observed in studying diverse scopes of action and maneuvers by emerging powers, such as the dynamics of domestic politics, historical aspects, and links between domestic dynamic and global situation.

The thesis argues that in the current transition of the global order, countries that are widely perceived as emerging powers are acting as emerging pivot states,€ which are nations that have ability to build beneficial ties with various nations without becoming reliant on any of them. Different from mainstream studies of emerging powers that are dominated by realist and liberal schools of thought, using constructivism approach to Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA) theoretical frameworks, the study will argue that social construction in both state (society) and international systems results in identities and interests that are central determinants of emerging pivot states. The thesis will be supported by exploration of diplomatic engagements of four nations (Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey) in three case studies: (1) responses to international sanctions imposed on neighboring nations, (2) climate change negotiations and (3) IMF quota reform.



Awidya Santikajaya started his PhD study at the ANU's Asia-Pacific College of Diplomacyin October 2012. He completed his bachelor in economics with cum laude at University of Indonesia (2006) and master in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies (2011). He has been working at the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 2006. His main responsibilities at the Ministry centered on Indonesia's relations with countries in America and Europe.



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