France

IB 2022/16 A Decolonisation Test for France in the Pacific: The Third Referendum on Independence in New Caledonia Part 2: What Next?

In December 2021, during the COVID-19 pandemic, New Caledonians were faced with a third referendum provided for by the Nouméa Accord.

IB 2022/15 A Decolonisation Test for France in the Pacific: The Third Referendum on Independence in New Caledonia Part 1: The Controversial Vote

The Nouméa Accord of 1998 proposed a consensually negotiated interim governing framework in New Caledonia after intercommunal violence in the 1980s.

IB 2022/13 How the China Card is Played in New Caledonia

As China’s international profile grows, debates over Chinese influence occupy a significant role in New Caledonian politics, as elsewhere.

DP 2021/03 Uncertainties as New Caledonia Prepares for Its Final Independence Referendum

France’s decision to hold the third and final independence referendum in New Caledonia under 1998 Nouméa Accord provisions on 12 December 2021 means that on that day, the Accord expires, along with

DP 2020/05 Incompatible Struggles? Reclaiming Indigenous Sovereignty and Political Sovereignty in Kanaky and/or New Caledonia

The question of sovereignty in Kanaky and/or New Caledonia has been the central political issue for the people of the archipelago for nearly five decades.

DP 2020/04 The Role of the United Nations in New Caledonia’s Process of Self-Determination (translated from the original French version)

This Discussion Paper arises from the June 2019 PIPSA (Pacific Islands Political Studies Association) conference with the theme of ‘Democracy, Sovereignty and Self-Determination in the Pacific Isla

IB 2020/31 The Role of Social Media in New Caledonia’s Referendums on Self-determination

The French Pacific collectivity of New Caledonia has held two referendums on its political status under the 1998 Noumea Accord, on 4 November 2018 and 4 October 2020.

WP 2020/04 Decolonising American Micronesia

The writing of this Working Paper was prompted by the American decision in 2019 to renegotiate the Compacts of Free Association between the United States and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, t

Another vote for independence: New Caledonia's second referendum on self-determination

The French Pacific dependency of New Caledonia will hold a second referendum on self-determination in September 2020. A meeting this month in Paris between the French government, the independence movement Front de Liberation Nationale Kanak et Socialiste (FLNKS) and leaders of anti-independence parties has agreed to another vote on New Caledonia’s political status under the Noumea Accord, following the November 2018 referendum which saw an unprecedented 43 per cent vote for independence.

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