Government

2016 Samoa Election Domestic Observation Report

On Friday 4 March 2016, Samoa conducted its 15th general election since independence in 1962.

IB 2021/17 The Controversial Use of the Gender Quota in the 2021 Samoan General Election: A Personal Perspective – Part 2

The 2021 general election in Samoa was followed by a series of controversial events, including the use of the gender quota as a strategy for the incumbent government to hold onto power.

IB 2021/16 The Controversial Use of the Gender Quota in the 2021 Samoan General Election: A Personal Perspective – Part 1

The first of this two-part In Brief series outlines the events that followed the 2021 Samoan general election and contextualises them in terms of gender norms in Samoa.

IB 2021/14 An Assessment of Bougainville’s President Toroama Part Three: A Candidate in Four Elections 2010–20

This is the third of three linked In Briefs discussing the little-known record and the leadership attributes of the newly elected (September 2020) President of Bougainville, Ishmael Toroama.

IB 2021/13 An Assessment of Bougainville’s President Toroama Part Two: Business and Music Activities

This is the second of three linked In Briefs discussing the record, the reasons for the election, and the leadership attributes of the newly elected (September 2020) President of Bougainville, Ishm

IB 2021/12 An Assessment of Bougainville’s President Toroama Part One: A Little-known New Leader

This is the first of three linked In Briefs about the record of Ishmael Toroama, elected President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (hereinafter Bougainville) in September 2020.

IB 2021/11 The 2020 Autonomous Bougainville Government General Election: Part 2

This second In Brief in a two-part series on Bougainville’s first general election after the 2019 referendum examines the election results as well as some issues surrounding the conduct of the elec

IB 2021/10 The 2020 Autonomous Bougainville Government General Election: Part 1

This two-part In Brief explores the 2020 Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) general election. This part provides a background to the election, including the postreferendum

Law, Order and the State in Papua New Guinea

Law and order issues feature prominently in public debate in Papua New Guinea. Concerns centre around criminal violence and the limited effectiveness of state controls.

IB2018/07 The New Caledonian Referendum on Independence (Part 2): The Vote

This In Brief outlines the main aspects of the referendum on independence in New Caledonia, officially called the ‘consultation on the exit of the Noumea Accord’.

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