The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious Chinese program to influence global affairs through geoeconomics. Since its inception in 2013, it has become fundamental to understanding China’s grand strategy. Eight years later the BRI has over 145 member countries, many of whom seek infrastructure development. This pre-submission seminar by Pete Connolly examines changes in Chinese statecraft across Timor-Leste, PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Fiji, since the introduction of the BRI in 2018 and 2019.
In response to concerns about the country’s internal security challenges and in line with global trends, Papua New Guinea’s private security industry has grown substantially over the past few decades. However, relatively little is known about how the sector operates and its potential to help, or indeed exacerbate, the country’s complex security problems. Drawing on recent research, this seminar examines PNG’s private security industry, situating it within the broader network of security actors comprising that country’s plural security landscape.