This multifaceted and global humanitarian phenomenon involves children and young people who are either sent by their families for protection, or are compelled to move following a loss of family in a humanitarian crisis.
- The number of children moving unaccompanied is high and saw a dramatic increase in recent years: At least 300,000 unaccompanied and separated children moving across borders were registered in 80 countries in 2015–2016 – a near fivefold increase from 66,000 in 2010–2011. While this number dropped in 2016, the total number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) move worldwide is likely much higher.
- On the dangerous Central Mediterranean Sea passage from North Africa to Europe, more than 90 per cent of children who arrived in Italy from 2016 to November 2017 were unaccompanied, up from 75 per cent in 2015.
- The number of children born into the devastating effects of statelessness (e.g. Rohingya children) is rising. A significant number of the estimated 10 million stateless persons around the world are children. At least 70,000 new stateless children are born every year in the 20 countries hosting the world’s largest stateless populations.